Biomechanics of Brain Injury

Attorneys Handling Brain Injury Cases Throughout New York

A healthy brain doesn't exactly stay still inside the head; rather, it floats inside the skull in a protective layer of fluid. Inside the brain are nerve cells called neurons that perform the functions of the brain; the connections between them, which carry messages to and from neurons, are essential to the brain's normal function. Different physical areas of the brain are responsible for different brain functions. Although scientists don't fully understand the relationship between parts of the brain and its functions, the cerebellum, for example, is thought to control movement and the senses.

Causes of Brain Trauma

When the brain sustains a blow, it can be damaged in several ways:

  • The brain may be jolted violently within the skull, twisting and breaking the connections between neurons. A strong blow may damage the brain cells themselves. By itself, this is called a closed head injury. This is the type of injury most common in shaken baby syndrome, and in military TBIs sustained from blast injuries.
  • The brain may be penetrated by a weapon, shrapnel or other loose objects, or by a piece of its own broken skull, damaging the brain cells directly. This is called a penetrating head injury, and it can occur along with a closed head injury.
  • As a secondary injury, the brain may bleed heavily, which can cause further brain damage by depriving the brain of oxygen or building up pressure that can crush brain cells. Oxygen deprivation (ischemia, anoxia or hypoxia) kills brain cells within minutes by depriving them of the fuel they need to survive.

A brain injury that is concentrated in one area is called a focal head injury; one that injures neurons throughout the brain is called a diffuse head injury. Because a focal head injury is limited to a specific area of the brain, patients lose specific functions; a diffuse head injury can affect a variety of functions. Diffuse injuries to the neural connections occur in almost half of all serious head traumas, and are a leading cause of coma and vegetative state. In either case, doctors may not be able to accurately predict a patient's injuries at first.

Side Effects of Brain Injuries

Once brain tissue has been destroyed, it cannot grow back the way other tissues do. That means that when part of the brain is damaged, those parts cannot do their jobs anymore, or they cannot do their jobs well, although the brain may find ways to adapt. Thus, a patient with a traumatic brain injury may lose certain functions for life. Those functions can include anything the brain controls: physical movement, unconscious regulation of body functions, intellectual tasks, the senses, learning, memory, emotional tasks and many more. In addition, patients with a traumatic brain injury are at increased risk for serious neurological problems, including epilepsy, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, schizophrenia and depression.

Contact Our NY Brain Trauma Attorneys Today

TBI patients may face permanent disabilities, years of medical attention and therapies and even personality changes. In addition to the physical and emotional changes in their lives, these can be extremely expensive for an ordinary family, especially if the victim can no longer work. If you or someone you love has sustained a traumatic brain injury because of another person's negligence, you should speak to the New York brain trauma attorneys at Wingate, Russotti, Shapiro & Halperin, LLP at (212) 986-7353 as soon as possible.

Contact Us: Free Consultation

If you or a loved one has been seriously injured, it is important to seek legal representation as soon as possible. Contact the New York personal injury attorneys at Wingate, Russotti, Shapiro & Halperin, LLP today for a FREE, no obligation consultation today:

The Graybar Building
420 Lexington Ave. Suite 2750 New York, NY 10170
Phone: (212) 986-7353 Fax: (212) 953-4308

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NY Brain Injury Attorney Disclaimer: The legal information presented at this site should not be construed to be formal legal advice nor the formation of a lawyer or attorney client relationship. Any results set forth here were dependent on the facts of that case and the results will differ from case to case. Please contact an attorney at our law firm offices located in New York. This web site is not intended to solicit clients for matters outside of the State of New York, although we have relationships with attorneys and law firms in states throughout the United States.

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